Autism 101

Opening Minds to Autism

World-renowned professor and autism hero Temple Grandin once said, “I am different, not less.” That’s a sentiment that we take to heart at Behavioral Innovations. Being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) does not suggest that a rich and meaningful life cannot be achieved. As a matter of fact, with 40 hours of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy a week for several years, 90% of participants will substantially improve, some even to normal intellectual functioning, according to one of the most influential studies on ASD.

Whether you’re wanting to learn more about ASD for your child, grandchild, patient or just personal curiosity, use the following FAQs to help educate yourself on the fastest growing developmental disorder in the U.S.

Frequently Asked Questions About Autism

1What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.
2What causes Autism?
All of the causes of ASDs are unknown. However, environment, biologic and genetic factors may cause a child to be more likely to have an ASD. Most scientists agree that genetics are a risk factor. Those with parents or siblings with ASD are at a higher risk of also have ASD.
3What are the symptoms of Autism?
ASD is characterized by core deficits in social-interactions, communication and repetitive behaviors. The symptoms and their severity vary widely across these 3 core areas for each individual diagnosed with ASD.
4Who does Autism affect?
Autism affects both genders, although there is a higher prevalence in boys than girls.
5How do doctors diagnose Autism?
Diagnosing ASDs can be difficult since there is currently not a medical test - like a blood test - to diagnose the disorder. Trained physicians and psychologists administer autism-specific behavior evaluations to make a diagnosis.
6What are treatments for Autism?
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is widely recognized as a safe and effective treatment for autism. It has been endorsed by a number of state and federal agencies, including the U.S. Surgeon General and the New York State Department of Health.

Facts about Autism

  • Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) now affects 1 in 59 children.
  • Autism is one of the fastest-growing developmental disorders in the U.S.
  • Autism costs a family $60,000 a year on average.
  • Boys are nearly five times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with autism.
  • There is no medical detection or cure for autism.
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